There are many sources available on knowledge sharing practices as this is an area that has been examined and discussed for many years. ReSDA would like to share some of the best practices that have been and can be used to support researchers, communities and others involved in the ReSDA research network.
To start in the creation of this toolkit of resources, ReSDA did a review of existing literature on the topic of knowledge sharing (available here -pdf). In summary this outlined the need to have community-based participatory research and the importance and need for this. In looking at knowledge sharing in the North, there was found to be a range of terminology used to describe knowledge sharing practices and some of details of the terminology are provided. This report also provides a list of resources and the materials that were reviewed. Some of the effective knowledge sharing strategies identified and described included:
- Face-to-face communication with workshops, meetings and other events
- Knowledge brokers
- Media, television, radio, newsletters and other print formats
- Photo and video
- Online activities (multimedia) – websites, social media, etc.
- Stories, talking circles and research ambassadors
ReSDA held its third annual workshop in Iqaluit in October 2013 focusing on knowledge sharing mechanisms and hearing about some of the best practices and mechanisms used by various groups. The session topics on tools and mechanism that were used discussed:
- Knowledge sharing practice examples from the Alaska Native Science Commission
- Film and Video
- Community Engagement and Involvement in projects
- Print media
- Internet and Multimedia mechanisms
- Northern Organizations Knowledge Sharing Practices
This toolbox is a means of ensuring active communication between ReSDA, governments, community members and researchers.
The following is a list with links to some key northern knowledge sharing resources with best practices and examples for researchers and communities:
- Nunavut Roundtable for Poverty Reduction website – Community Action Tools http://www.makiliqta.ca/en/get-involved/community-action-tools
- Makiliqta Community Dialogue Toolkit http://makiliqta.ca/sites/default/files/makiliqta-engl.pdf
- Nunavut Literacy Council’s “Tools for Community Building: A Guide to Help People Plan Projects in their Community”. http://www.ilitaqsiniq.ca/sites/default/files/files/tools_for_community_building.pdf
- Café to Go: A Quick Reference Guide for Hosting World Café http://www.theworldcafe.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Cafe-To-Go-Revised.pdf
- Negotiating Research Relationships: A Guide for Communities https://www.itk.ca/publication/negotiating-research-relationships-guide-communities
- Negotiating Research Relationships with Inuit Communities, a Guide for Researchers https://www.itk.ca/publication/negotiating-research-relationships-inuit-communities-guide-researchers
- Engaging with Yukon First Nations and Communities. A quick reference guide to effective and respectful engagement practices http://www.trondek.ca/downloads/QRG.pdf
- Protocols and Principles for Conducting Research Yukon First Nations. 2013. Yukon Research Centre. http://yukoncollege.yk.ca/downloads/YRC_FN_Initiatives_no_photos_inside_final_print.pdf
- Working Together: Towards Relevant Environmental monitoring and research in the NWT. http://nwtresearch.com/sites/default/files/cimp_doc_final_low_res.pdf
- Social Media for Community Action: Collaborate, Communicate, and Coordinate with free Online Tools. http://www.criaw-icref.ca/sites/criaw/files/FemNorthNet%20Social%20Media%20for%20Community%20Action.pdf
ReSDA Communication Projects
1. Community Blog
This is somewhere to share information and ideas among northern researchers, governments, and community members. It is a place where people can share events and important or interesting news relating to northern people. The ReSDA Facebook site is another means of communicating knowledge and ideas.
2. Humans of the North: Northern Resource Development
Humans of the North is a new project that began at the end of May 2014 in Whitehorse, Yukon. http://yukonresearch.yukoncollege.yk.ca/resda/wp-admin/post.php?post=1531&action=editSimilar to the “Humans of New York” project (see http://www.humansofnewyork.com/), Humans of the North involves photographers in communities of the circumpolar north photographing people in their communities. Once the photograph is taken, the subject is asked about his or her experience with northern resource development and the impacts that this development has had on their community or region. The project can be found on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/humansofnorth. Any project contributors must sign this Release Form
**ReSDA is searching for “Humans of the North” photography volunteers. If you are or you know of a photography enthusiast in any community in Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Labrador, Nunavik, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, or Sweden please contact firstname.lastname@example.org or message Humans of the North on Facebook.
Potential Communication Projects
The following is a list of creative methods to promote public input in northern communities.
1. The Community Chalkboard
For a hands-on and anonymous method of gathering community information and opinions on a specific subject you can set up a large chalkboard in a popular area of your community with a painted heading, such as “Before I die…” or “Resource development around my community is…”. Under this heading are painted lines where people can write their answers with chalk. This project is accessible to all literate community members and can be shared online by taking pictures of the board and posting them on the Internet. For more information on this type of project see: http://candychang.com/before-i-die-in-nola/.
The whiteboard campaign was most recently and famously used in the past year to bring attention to the feminist movement and to create a discussion around what feminism means to individuals. This campaign type can be used by the ReSDA community to gather community input on a certain issue or subject. Instead of the phrase “I need feminism because…”, whiteboards could read “Resource development impacts my community by/when”. For more information on this type of project see: http://cambridge.tab.co.uk/2013/04/23/i-need-feminism-because-in-pictures/.